Back pain

Table of Contents

What is back pain?

Back pain is the generic name by which it is known. generalized pain in the dorsal area of the back, which would be found among the D1 and D12 vertebrae.

Back pain can be mechanical or inflammatory.

The mechanical back pain They cause pain throughout the day while you are active, they intensify. In the case of the inflammatory back pain, the pain is intense when the patient is at rest.

It is important to note that back pain, both mechanical and inflammatory can become chronic if they persist long enough. It is very common to present these symptoms when you suffer from a dorsal disc herniation.


Symptoms of back pain

The symptoms of back pain allow us to make a classification of them in terms of how long a patient suffers from them. And the classification would be in this arrangement from least to greatest amount of time:

  • Acute back pain: Within this group, there is pain that lasts less than 6 weeks:

  • Nonspecific acute pain: This is pain that is not found in a certain place. It is usually caused by poor posture or due to anxiety and stress. Stress and anxiety can cause back pain in that they affect the nervous system and produce muscle tension.

On the other hand, it is common for back pain to appear after make an overexertion, abnormal postures, or for a muscle problem in the lats.

Generally speaking, the origin of the two symptoms above cannot be detected by MRI or X-ray. Instead, the following symptoms yes can be detected:

  • Specific acute pain: Unlike non-specific acute pain, the origin can be known through an MRI or X-ray. This is because the origin is related to an identifiable injury or trauma. For example, due to accidents, or diseases such as osteoarthritis.

  • Subacute back pain: lasts between 6 and 12 weeks. The symptoms are considered to be milder than the acute ones.

  • Chronic back pain: It is usually said that it lasts between 12 weeks and can last for years in the most extreme cases. For pain to become chronic, prolonged exposure to stressful situations or improper postures is necessary. Generally this occurs within the work environment. Eg. Working carrying weight with poor posture.

Causes of back pain

Among the main causes that can cause back pain we highlight:

  • Because of a incorrect posture: Prolonged periods in the same position cause the muscles to contract and hurt.
  • Kyphosis: due to a more pronounced curvature in the spine.
  • Scoliosis: due to a curvature on the side of the spine.
  • Fracture: due to trauma.
  • herniated disc: They are not common, but they hurt when they appear and cause discomfort.
  • Low back pain: pain in the lower back area.
  • Anxiety and stress: causes muscle stiffness and affects the nervous system.

How is back pain treated?

Existing treatments

Back pain is first identified with a physical exploration to perform an evaluation of the spine (at the bone and muscle level). In addition, it is analyzed if there is any type of problem regarding the mobility, or if there is some type of irregularity (e.g. forward curvature due to kyphosis).

In addition, a examination of the cervical area and the lumbar to rule out possible complications when carrying out the physiotherapy treatment.

Benefits of our treatments

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